Pressure washers are amazing cleaning equipments that help to remove mold, mud, dust, dirt and grime on any solid surface. They are able to do this by accelerating water at very high speeds to lift off any dirt or debris that is clinging onto the surface the operator is trying to clean. The best thing about using pressure washers to clean dirty surfaces is that they are able to cut cleaning time significantly and they are also able to do it very efficiently. The uses of pressure washers are truly astounding as not only are they great for cleaning many residential, commercial, and industrial cleaning tasks, but they can be used to clean farms and stables as well. Such cleaning efficiency has made many farm and stable owners investing in these cleaning equipment.
Pressure Washing Poultry Farms
If you can imagine the countless numbers of livestock in a poultry farm, then you can also imagine how much dirt and feces they leave behind every single day. Cleaning such filth is definitely hard labor as not only is it intensive, but it is also dirty. Without a pressure washer, cleaners will be stuck with the traditional shovel and water hose to clean them – something which consumes a considerable amount of time. However, with a pressure washer, cleaners will be able to clean such mess with less effort and in far less time. It enables cleaners to remove any dirt, feces, and grime without much backbreaking effort.
The truth is cleaning poultry farms with pressure washers is no different as with any type of pressure washer cleaning task. The added benefit of the cleaning power of the pressure washer makes cleaning such a time-consuming and back-breaking task a breeze. Since poultry farms need to maintain cleanliness in their area to ensure that their birds and other livestock are free from any diseases, they need to regularly clean the poultry. This makes the pressure washer an indispensable unit for them. Bird droppings and other types of dirt can be removed and cleaned without much hassle.
Before attempting to even bring any chicks into your poultry, it is advised by experts and by seasoned poultry farmers to clean and disinfect the brooder where the chicks will be placed. This will help to remove any type of disease inside the brooder and allow the chicks to grow normally and healthily. Since the brooder is important to any poultry farm, maintaining cleanliness and regular disinfection will help keep your investment healthy. Aside from the brooder, the floor of the poultry as well as the bin where the droppings are collected should be cleaned on a daily basis, and if possible, disinfected as well. This will help to prevent any buildup of stench as well as the swarming of flies in the area which could lead to the buildup of diseases.
For poultry farms, the most suitable type of pressure washer would be the hot water pressure washer. This is because the hot water that the unit delivers can also help kill any bacteria brewing in the poultry. The use of a hot water pressure washer in turn not only cleans the area, but it also sterilizes it. When cleaning poultry farms with your hot water pressure washer, you may want to use chemicals as well as detergents not just to speed up the cleaning process, but also to disinfect the area. The use of pressure washers for poultry cleaning not just saves a lot of time, but it also helps to keep your livestock healthy, which in turn, can increase your overall profit.
Pressure Washing Stables
If you have worked on a stable, you’ll know just how difficult it is to clean the horse areas and work areas. The truth is stables can be considerably messy and dirty if they are not tended daily and properly. These areas are well-known for collecting dirt, mud, and grime. This is the very reason why they need to be cleaned regularly in order to prevent the buildup and hardening of mud and dirt. If you are working on a stable, you’ll know just how important a pressure washer is. Not only can a pressure washer help to clean efficiently, but it also cuts the cleaning time significantly, allowing workers to do other things aside from just cleaning.
Basically, pressure washers are mechanical cleaning devices that utilize high water pressure to help lift and dissolve dirt. Pressure washer units are powered by either an electric motor or gas through the use of a combustion engine. It consists of a motor, a high pressure pump, a pressure hose, a trigger gun, a wand and nozzles. The nozzles can be swapped out so the operator can control the type of stream he will be using. Pressure washers have cold water models, hot water models as well as steam models. For cleaning stables, hot water models are the most suitable because the highly pressurized stream of water they produce also happens to be very hot which can be useful in sterilizing the dirty areas. In addition to this, the heated water also helps in increasing the cleaning power and efficiency of the pressure washer unit.
Aside from having a hot water heater model, it is important that the unit is also industrial-grade. This means that the pressure washer unit is robust and can handle the abuse of daily use as well as prolonged usage. Using an ordinary residential-grade pressure washer unit on such a high scale cleaning may break the unit apart after only weeks of usage. Before operating any pressure washer, particularly if you do not have any experience using them, it is highly advised to read the manual as well as the safety instructions given by the manufacturer to avoid any accidents or mishaps.
If you own a stable, using a pressure washer can considerably hasten the cleaning process. In fact, there won’t be any other faster, efficient and effective way of cleaning stables other than through the use of pressure washers. By making your stable clean and tidy, not only are you promoting cleanliness in what’s supposed to be a dirty working environment, but you are also showing your care for the animals and the employees at your stable.
Pressure washer, or sometimes referred to as power washers by some, are cleaning equipments that are perfect for cleaning driveways, pavements, garages, patio, fences, lawnmowers, vehicles, and other solid surfaces. They draw low water pressure from your garden hose and boosting up this water pressure using a special water pump. The pump is powered using either an electric motor or a gas combustion engine. On the cleaning end of the pressure washer would be the gun, wand, and specialized nozzles that can help control the stream of water coming out of it.
Electric-powered pressure washer units are usually made for light cleaning tasks as they are not able to generate the same power gasoline-powered units do. Because of this, they are usually used on residences where high cleaning power is not needed. There are three certain advantages that are undeniable with electric units. First, they can be used to clean indoors or enclosed areas as they do not emit any fumes which could cause carbon monoxide poisoning when breathed for prolonged periods. Second, they require very little maintenance. Lastly, they have very low operating noise.
Gasoline-powered pressure washer units, size for size, can generate more power than their electric siblings. Most gas-powered units are designed for heavy duty use. The cleaning power they can generate helps to cut cleaning time. Because of this, they are mostly used for industries as well as by cleaning professionals.
The cleaning power generated by pressure washers is indicated by PSI. Having a high PSI can greatly help in cleaning as it can easily wash off any dirt and stains clinging onto the surface you are trying to clean. In fact, having a higher PSI means you also decrease the time you spend on cleaning. However, you also need to be wary when cleaning with a pressure washer unit that has too much PSI as having too much can potentially damage or even destroy the surface you are trying to clean.
In order to avoid any accidents or damage to your unit, especially if this would be the first time you will be operating your pressure washer unit, make sure to read the manual first before attempting to operate the unit. This is because your manual will contain specifics and important information regarding your unit, specifically on proper usage and safety. If you don’t have prior experience in using pressure washers, ignoring this may damage the unit, shorten its lifespan, or worst, hurt yourself or the people around you. One of the best ways to avoid hurting yourself when operating the unit is to wear protective gears such as goggles, rubber boots, and safety gloves.
If you will notice, the nozzles that come with your pressure washer unit have different colored tips. These colors help to indicate the stream pattern that it produces. Red-colored tip generates 0° of spray and is the most concentrated type of stream. Yellow-colored tip generates a 15° fan spray that is ideal for heavy duty cleaning. Green-colored tip generates a 25° fan spray which is perfect for most general cleaning tasks. The white-colored tip generates a 40° fan spray which is most suitable for rinsing and light cleaning jobs. There are other specialized nozzles that you can purchase that can help you with specific cleaning tasks such as cleaning gutters, cleaning ducts, as well as cleaning flat areas. These accessories not only helps to make cleaning faster and efficient, but they also help make cleaning effortless.
The pressure pump is considered the heart of any pressure washers as it commonly sits at the core of every unit. It is responsible for generating and delivering the highly pressurized stream of water you need to lift hardened dirt and stains. In order for a pressure pump to generate pressure, it needs to get spun by either an electric motor or a gasoline combustion engine. There are basically two configurations for a pressure pump to get spun – the belt drive and the direct drive.
Belt Drive Pressure Pump – this type of configuration operates through a pulley system. It uses a belt to connect both the pump and the shaft of the motor and is responsible for delivering the power from the motor towards the pump. The use of a pulley system has its advantages as well as disadvantages. Some of the advantages involved with using a belt drive system is that the pressure pump runs cooler since it is not directly attached to the motor. Since it is belts that connect the pump to the motor, the motor is also not directly connected to the extreme vibrations generated by the motor. In fact, the pulley even acts as shock absorbers protecting the pump from premature wear and tear. The major disadvantage with the belt drive system is reduced efficiency brought by lost energy from the use of belts and pulleys.
Direct Drive Pressure Pump – this type of configuration connects a hollow shaft from the pump to the motor’s drive shaft. Since the pump is directly connected to the motor, the high pressure pump is able to spin the same revolutions the motor generates. This configuration means there is no loss of energy making it very efficient. The main advantage to using a direct drive system is that manufacturers are able to create more compact designs. Also, since this type of configuration uses less moving parts, manufacturers are able to make a unit that is less expensive. However, there is a downside to a direct drive system, it is also the very thing that makes its advantages. Since there is a direct connection between the motor and the pressure pump, the pump is subjected to bear and tolerate the vibration and heat that the motor creates, thus subjecting the pump to premature wear as well as reduced life span.
The truth is both type of drive system can generate the power that you need to clean. It is up to you to decide the type you prefer. Usually, direct drive system are easily portable because they are built under a compact unit. Belt drive systems on the other hand are usually for heavy duty use, commonly used for industrial and professional cleaning services.
The popularity of pressure washers is increasing these days as these exceptional cleaning equipments have found their way not just on industrial and commercial areas, but for residential cleaning duties as well. In fact, many homeowners are finding new and different uses for them while some have even started pressure washer cleaning businesses which are very useful as they help to fill up a vacant spot or niche in the cleaning business of many areas. Some businesses simply rent-out pressure washer units while some businesses employ manpower to help with the cleaning services. This would include the cleaning of roofs, gutters, drains, streets, boats, yachts, and other cleaning applications where professional cleaning service is on demand.
When buying a pressure washer, the biggest decision to make would be whether to buy an electric pressure washer unit or a gasoline pressure washer unit. The truth is, choosing can be further simplified if you apply certain factors. If the unit will be used for light cleaning applications only, such as cleaning cars, patios, fences – in short, mostly residential cleaning tasks, then an electric pressure washer would be highly suitable. It’s not only quiet and cheaper to operate, but it also requires lesser maintenance. However, if you plan on using your unit for heavier cleaning loads and for prolonged periods, then a gas pressure washer would be more appropriate. It’s not only robust, but it can also generate more power and it can be used on remote locations.
Gas pressure washers are mostly suitable for cleaning businesses. Although they are noisier and cannot be used on indoor applications due to the fumes the unit emits, it is capable of generating more power that it’s equal-sized electric counterpart. This helps any cleaning business to accomplish more cleaning jobs per day, which, in return, helps to generate more income. In addition to this, since these units run on gasoline, they can be used regardless of location as they do not require to be plugged up to any electrical outlet.
Gasoline-powered pressure washers are capable of accomplishing a lot of cleaning tasks. In fact, they can accomplish many of the cleaning tasks that electric-type units can do, even better. Since it generates more cleaning power than electric units, you will be able to finish your cleaning tasks in even less time. The only thing that gas-type units cannot compete with electric-type units is when the cleaning task is brought indoors. Since gas-types use a combustion engine to power the motor, it emits fumes such as carbon monoxide, an odorless, colorless, and tasteless gas that is lethal if exposed to for prolonged periods. This is the very reason why gas pressure washers should only be used on open or outdoor locations.
If you have a cleaning business venture that involves the use of pressure washers, then it is very crucial that you understand the internal and external mechanisms of the pressure washers you are using. This way, you would be able to easily identify and effectively troubleshoot potential issues that might arise while using them. Just like any other equipment, the maintenance of the pressure washer units in the proper way will eventually pay off as they are guaranteed to perform better and last much longer.
One of the most essential parts of a pressure washer is the high pressure pump. It is this pump that is responsible for giving you the cleaning action that you need. A triplex plunger pump will typically play a very important role for the cleaning work that you are undertaking, whether it may be for high or just moderate pressure applications.
A pressure washer is considered to be one of man’s greatest innovations when it comes to the subject of cleaning efficiently. A pressure washer works by simply pressurizing the water and then expelling it at great speeds in order to effectively clean and remove even the toughest of dirt and stains. It typically has 4 basic parts – the pressure pump, hose, motor and gun. Even if these four parts are all crucial for the pressure washer unit to function properly, it is solely the pressure pump that is the most crucial because it is the one that generates the pressure required for cleaning.
Pumps that are designed exclusively for commercial and industrial applications are the high pressure pumps. Depending on the unit or model, they may come with the ability to have their pressure, flow rate and valve adjusted in order to suit the user’s preferences. Whenever utilizing a high pressure pump, it is crucial that one must understand what they are doing because these equipments are very powerful and are created to work according to the manufacturer’s specifications. In other words, one must fully understand how they work and how to correctly operate them before using them for any cleaning job.
The pressure pump is located at the core of any pressure washer. In order to generate pressure, the pressure pump has to be spun by a motor. A pressure pump can be powered by a motor, depending on its design, either via direct drive or belt drive.
The high pressure pump is always often designed having a die-cast framework and a brass head finish to ensure strength. To prevent overheating, cooling fins are designed so that the heat is being dissipated within the motor. Moreover, the use of solid ceramic plungers helps make it last longer.
AR pumps are made from stainless steel in order to resist corrosion. These AR pumps are manufactured with highly advanced and accurate techniques so that they can be suitable for long-time operation and high frequency of use. This is made possible by means of its high concentric bearing positioning on each side of the crankcase. Also, it has viton seals that allow continuous lubrication. Last but not least, it is also equipped with thick ceramic plungers which allows it to be operated even under intense temperatures.
In a cleaning business that uses pressure washers, it is crucial that one must know which pressure washer unit is the best for each cleaning job. Knowing your cleaning equipment better can help you provide a very good quality of cleaning service to your clients and it also enables you to stay ahead of your competition.
Pressure Washer - Basic Components
Pressure washers are basically cleaning equipments that use pressurized water in order to lift and clean dirt and stains adhered to solid surfaces. The uses of pressure washers in terms of cleaning are numerous and they can accomplish almost any cleaning task not just efficiently, but also in far less time. They are no longer limited for use on industrial and commercial spaces alone as many homeowners have found many practical cleaning applications for them. Despite their popularity, there are still many who are not aware of what constitutes a pressure washing unit. The list below shows the basic components of a pressure washer:
The Motor – a pressure washer unit can be powered by either an electric motor or a gasoline combustion engine. The type of motor used will depend on the design and configuration of the unit along with its intended application. There are many pressure washer units that are gas powered and most of these units are used for commercial cleaning applications. Gas-powered pressure washers tend to be more robust and heavy duty which is why they are perfect for long operations as they are not subjected to overheating as compared with their electric counterpart. Since most commercial cleaning applications are done at open spaces, or areas with no electricity, the mobility and ability to be operated at remote locations makes the gas pressure washer the perfect choice. However, if the cleaning task is meant to be accomplished indoors, then using a gas pressure washer unit is discouraged as the fumes from the unit can be very harmful or even lethal if exposed to and breathed in for prolonged periods. Using an electric pressure washer is the only alternative. Electric pressure washers have also certain advantages over gasoline sibling. Aside from its usability on confined spaces, electric units are also silent to operate and they require less maintenance making them the ideal pressure washer units for residences.
The Pump – the pump is responsible for generating the pressure in a pressure washer which is why many consider it to be the heart of the unit. The design of a pressure pump is actually very simple, but also very complicated. It uses a either a piston or plunger design with a positive displacement reciprocating pump. Plunger pump designs are the more efficient type and they are also known to last longer. This is perhaps the reason why they are the most popular type of pump found on many high end pressure washers today. Plunger type pumps, either duplex or triplex design, are normally built from ceramic as they are more wear resistant. Of the two, the triplex design is the most desired as it is able to generate a more stable flow. If a pressure pump is properly maintained, you will find it working hassle-free for a long time.
The Nozzles – although pressure washer nozzles may seem like an insignificant part on the overall component of a pressure washer, they are nevertheless important as they are responsible on the how the jet of water is shaped and directed on the surface. Pressure washer nozzles are basically accessories placed at the tip of the wand. They have a small pinhole where pressurized water is forced out through this small opening. Once the water exits through this restriction, depending on the type of nozzle used, the spray creates a certain fan spread that is suitable for certain cleaning applications. The list below shows the different nozzle spray pattern
Red Nozzle – this has a 0° spray ‘pencil-like’ pattern. Of all the types of nozzles, this is the nozzle that can generate the highest amount of pressure. The 0° spray angle is ideal for most heavy duty cleaning applications.
Yellow Nozzle – this has a 15° spray angle. This nozzle is commonly referred to as the chiseling tip as it acts like a scraper when removing molds and mildew from walls. This is also the nozzle, along with the right pressure, that is perfect for stripping off paint.
Green Nozzle – this has a 25° spray angle and is the perfect washing tip as it has both power and coverage. This nozzle can be used to sweep off foliage on flat surfaces and can also be used for cleaning the roof and pool area.
White Nozzle – this has a 40° spray angle and has the widest spray pattern. This is the perfect nozzle to use for rinsing of for washing delicate surfaces like glass.
Black Nozzle – the black tip is mostly used for chemical application.
There are other types of specialized nozzle attachments that are available and they are suitable only for specific cleaning applications. One good example for this would be the gutter cleaner. This is a J-shaped nozzle that is used for cleaning gutters. The J shape of the nozzle allows the user to direct the pressurized stream of water towards the inside of the gutter.
The Hose – the hose used in a pressure washer is a specialized type of hose as it is able to cope up with the immense pressure generated by the unit. The high pressure hose has an inner tube where the pressurized stream of water passes. It is then covered with a single or double braided wire mesh for support and this mesh is then covered with a rubber outer shell. Cheaper high pressure hoses are usually covered with thermoplastic outer shell, while pricier pressure hoses are covered with rubber outer shells. When getting a high pressure hose for a pressure washer unit, it is recommended to get one that has a slightly higher rating than the amount of power your unit can generate. This will help to ensure that your pressure washer hose can cope up with the amount of pressure generated by your unit. In fact, getting a hose with a higher pressure rating will also help to ensure that your hose lasts longer. If you are planning to buy a hose and plan on working on more than a hundred feet in length, you should not consider buying hundred foot pressure washer hoses. Instead, try buying a series of 50 foot hoses and then just join or link them together to create the length you need. This way, if a hose gets broken, you will still have a working hose that you can use for some of your cleaning tasks.
High Pressure Pump
All manufacturers of pressure washers consider the high pressure pump as the heart of a pressure washer. This is because pressure pumps are responsible for generating the pressure needed to make a pressure washer what it is – a cleaning equipment that utilizes high water pressure to clean. The most popular type of pressure pump that can be found on pressure washer these days is the triplex, positive displacement, reciprocating plunger pump. These pumps are widely used because they offer a smooth flow with equal volume and pressure throughout. It generates the pressure by pushing the fluid through a restrictive nozzle and not on the pump itself.
High end pressure pumps use solid ceramic plungers and come with an unloader, a safety mechanism that regulates the flow of exiting water, a pressure hose fitting, and a thermal relief valve. Some of the well known brands of high pressure pumps are Cat, Comet, General, and Giant. They offer lasting seals and superior construction by using high quality components which results in continuous use with minimal maintenance. There are others however that use forged brass manifold which has a lifetime guarantee.
Pressure pumps that are made for industrial use are often abused by a battery of constant heavy work which is why they have their own sets of standards. High pressure pumps for industrial applications often have die-cast bodies, brass heads, special valve cages, oversized bearings, and cooling fins to be able to take the abuse and provide extended life to the pressure pump itself.
High pressure pumps can have left or right mounting options, they can be placed on different orientation, they can be self-priming, frame-mounted, have multi-stage, be corrosion resistant, and have variable speeds. The truth is reviewing the different options available can take some of your time, but will overall be truly worth your time as you will have a good idea on what these options are for, thus preventing you from making misguided decisions.
The thermal relief valve of your pump is essential to the longevity of your pump. It is responsible for relieving the pressure caused by the increased volume of liquid due to an increase in temperature. This prevents overheating caused by recirculating water. A pressure pump is notably able to handle water that is 68° in temperature. However, if the water gets a bit hotter, the formation of air bubbles can explode upon reaching the high-pressure chamber and it can blow a hole in the pump. This is why it is always advised not to leave the unit running for more than 2 minutes in bypass mode without depressing the gun. Triggering the gun will send cool water in to cool down any heated water. If you are unable to do this, then it is simply best to just turn off the unit.
Pressure pumps can be used either for transferring water, such as on a pressure washer, or for creating suction. Both ways still creates fluid displacement. It is important to know what type of fluids you use on your pump as this will determine the life of your pump. If you plan on running any chemicals inside the pump, it is important to check first the listing on your manufacturer’s manual so as to prevent any buildup of corrosion or damage to the pump. Stainless steel types are very much capable of withstanding heavy chemical use.
If you maintain you unit and you pump regularly, it is not uncommon to see it lasting for many years. Some of the regular maintenance your pump may require would be changing the oil every 3 to 5 months. It is also a good idea to check the level of the oil before every use. Checking some of the equipments is also beneficial as there are some instances that the pump was thought to have been failing when all the while it was just the nozzle that has become clogged.
The pressure pump usually sits at the core of the pressure washer. In order to generate pressure, the high pressure pump needs to be powered either by an electric motor or a combustion engine. There are basically two ways that these powertrain can deliver their power to the pressure pump, either through belt drive or through direct drive.
Belt Drive – a belt drive basically runs using a pulley system mounted on a solid shaft and a motor. This type of configuration allows the pressure pump to run at lower RPM as compared to a direct drive. The crankcase of the beltdrive contains a larger oil capacity. This, along with the low RPM that the belt drive generates means the pump runs at much cooler temperatures. One of the main advantages of using a belt drive is that the pump receives less vibration. This is possible because the belt and pulleys acts as shock absorbers. Aside from that, the pressure pump is also isolated from the heat that the motor generates. Although there is reduced efficiency in using this configuration as some of the energy is lost in the belts and pulleys, the pressure pump on the other hand is not subjected to too much wear due to vibration and heat.
Direct Drive – a direct drive contains a hollow shaft which can slide into the drive shaft of the motor. The flange of the pressure pump is made to be mounted on the face of the motor where both the drive shaft and the shaft of the pump are connected. Since the pump is directly connected to the motor, the pump is able to achieve the same revolutions as that of the motor. Using this type of configuration allows the manufactures to make a more compact pressure washer design. In addition, since there are less moving parts, the unit can also be retailed at a lesser price. The downside of this type of configuration however is that since both the pump and motor are spinning at the same revolutions per minute, not to mention the vibration created, the pump is subjected to more wear and tear, which is why the lifespan of the unit is greatly reduced.